About 80% of women experience menstrual pain at some stage in their lifetime, according to Women’s Health Concern. Menstrual pain is so common that many people, even those who experience it, think it is normal and of course take it for granted. Of course mild pain may be natural, but severe pain during menstrual period may be something to worry about.
Painful menstruation is called dysmenorrhoea and can occur before or during one’s period. It can be as a result of health issues which could be a symptom of some other health issues in the body. That is, menstrual pain could be an indication of something more problematic.
Dysmenorrhoea can make women vomit, become admitted, get injections and drips. Despite this, victims still manage the pain and overlook the underlying causes.
Here are some causes of severe menstrual pain:
Endometriosis is a health condition in women whereby the tissue responsible for lining the uterus (womb) grows outside the uterus. Instead of lining the womb, the tissue grows on the ovaries, bowel, fallopian tubes or even outside the pelvic region. Endometriosis has been found to cause painful periods, increased bleeding and sometimes infertility.
Uterine fibroids are abnormal growths of non-harmful tissues on the walls of the uterus. Sometimes, the tissue becomes very large and causes discomfort in the pelvic region. This condition is common among women with up to 80% women having it before age 50 according to Women’s health. Uterine fibroids interfere with the period resulting into missed, irregular, heavy and very painful periods.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs. PID is usually transmitted during sexual contact but mostly affects only women. The infection affects the womb, ovaries and the fallopian tubes. PID is said to cause period abnormalities like heavier and longer periods, spotting, and even severe pain before and during periods.
Lifestyle only worsen menstrual pain
Lifestyle factors such as high intake of sugar, red meat, alcohol and low body movement do not cause menstrual pain. They only worsen it. This also means that the opposite could make the pain reduced and so, healthy nutritional intake and good lifestyle is highly recommended.
It is nevertheless important to not attribute your menstrual pain to lifestyle or try to manage the pain alone. You may be neglecting a lot of health complications. The real causes are disastrous and the kind of treatment which could be analgesics, contraceptives or even surgery, is determined by the exact cause.
See a gynecologist if need be!